Undiagnosed, untreated attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can wreak havoc on your life, and it can also impact your loved ones. Each year, we recognize ADHD Awareness Month in October as a time to celebrate the progress made in ADHD education and advocacy, understand the work that still needs to be done, and raise awareness about the importance of early diagnosis and treatment. Without ADHD awareness, many children and adults continue to struggle.
Why ADHD Awareness Is Important
There may be as many as 15 million adults and children in the U.S. with ADHD, based upon prevalence studies and the 2010 census data. ADHD is also one of the most common disorders of childhood. Despite this, there is a huge amount of bad and misleading information on the internet and in the media about the condition. In addition, there are people with ADHD who have never been diagnosed but have lives filled with problems directly related to the symptoms.
Goals of CHADD and ADHD Awareness Coalition
- Educate people about the disorder
- Reinforce that ADHD is a real condition
- Remind people that it’s highly treatable
- Highlight the choices in treatment
Misconceptions About ADHD
The most glaring misconception is the belief that ADHD is not real. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder is a well-documented neurological disorder: an individual’s brain develops and functions differently with ADHD. There is a deep body of research on ADHD, and every major medical and health organization in the U.S. recognizes the legitimacy of this disorder. Individuals don’t choose to have these symptoms, but they do have the responsibility to learn to manage them.
ADHD is an equal opportunity disorder and is not the result of poor parenting—another common myth. You can be an exceptional parent or a terrible parent and still have a child with ADHD. Good parenting will help your child learn to manage the symptoms better, but it won’t prevent the occurrence of ADHD. There is a strong genetic link, and most families can identify other family members who exhibited the same symptoms.
Another myth about ADHD is that anyone can be diagnosed with it, based on a list of behaviors that all of us exhibit at one time or another. Not so. When diagnosed properly, having the symptoms is just the first step. In addition, these symptoms must be long-term in nature—at least six months—and persistent every day. The symptoms must also be severe enough to cause significant impairment in functioning in a major area of life, such as school, work, family, or social life. And lastly, other causes of the symptoms must be ruled out. Only when all of this is done, should a diagnosis of ADHD be made.
The Many Faces of ADHD
ADHD is a lifelong disorder for most folks. You may be a child, an adult, or a retired grandparent and still have ADHD. Like many disorders, the symptoms may be expressed differently in different people. For one person, it may be a huge problem with impulsivity and hyperactivity. For another, it may be about the ability to pay attention.
There are many faces of ADHD, but the most important message is that many, many people with ADHD manage their treatment effectively and live full and rewarding lives.
How to Increase ADHD Awareness
Science tells us that the most effective way to deal with any kind of stigma is to know someone with the disorder who is stigmatized. It’s easy to say that ADHD is not real or caused by bad parenting when you have no experience with it.
ADHD Awareness Month
ADHD Awareness Month brings together a number of national groups concerned about ADHD and mental health. The partners include the Attention Deficit Disorder Association (ADDA), the ADHD Coaches Organization (ACO), and Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD).